Research on effects of 1:1 or BYOD in elementary/primary schools?

Is anyone aware of research/articles that 1:1 or BYOD in elementary/primary school is having a positive effect on learning outcomes, or that discuss the amount of school device screen time that is ideal? Or an overall positives vrs negitive? Screen health research often seems to exclude School use, any articles include this?

Not sure about scholarly articles, but there is this film:


The website also has all kinds of resources. Obviously the position of the creator is less screen time.

As a teacher, I can say, anecdotally, that invariably the kids who use their phones less (especially those who don’t even have one) have been more engaged and performed better in my classes.

I agree with Kermito, less screen time is good. BYOD programs can be useful if done correctly such as the Peel School District example:

I’m a researcher and a wireless industry insider with application development experience. From my own research I can tell you that BYOD programs are not good for kids due to the fact that connected products such as smartphones contain addictive, harmful, intrusive and exploitive technology such as apps.

In addition, the preinstalled apps that support products such as smartphones are intentionally designed to surveil and data mine the product user for financial gain at the expense of the product user’s civil liberties, privacy, cyber security and safety whether the product user is an adult or child.

Aside from Tristan Harris, Sean Parker- Cofounder of Facebook and Spotify and Eric Schmidt- former Chairman Alphabet (Google) recently admitted that many silicon valley app developers purposely develop intrusive, harmful and exploitive technology so that the technology developer can exploit the product user for financial gain.

Every Parent and Educator should review these admissions an then way the benefits vs. the negatives when it comes to any educational value that can be derived from a connected product:

  1. Eric Schmidt (Former Chairman of Alphabet Inc.- Google):

a) “I actually think most people don’t want Google to answer their questions […] They want Google to tell them what they should be doing next,”- Eric Schmidt Wall Street Journal 2010

b) “We don’t need you to type at all because we know where you are. We know where you’ve been. We can more or less guess what you’re thinking about … Is that over the line?” – Eric Schmidt Fox Business 7.05.2016

  1. Sean Parker (Co-Founder Facebook & Spotify):

a) "It’s a social-validation feedback loop … exactly the kind of thing that a hacker like myself would come up with, because you’re exploiting a vulnerability in human psychology.“- Sean. Parker- Co-founder Facebook/Axios- November 9th, 2017.

B) “God only knows what it’s doing to our children’s brains”- Sean Parker, Axios- November 9th, 2017. Question from the author (Rex), “What is this doing to the brains of all Social Media and application users including adults, children and teens.”

C) "The inventors, creators — it’s me, it’s Mark [Zuckerberg], it’s Kevin Systrom on Instagram, it’s all of these people — understood this consciously. And we did it anyway…”- Sean Parker, Axios- November 9th, 2017.

  1. Tristan Harris Quotes (Former Google App Developer) A Time Well Spent:

a) “The average person checks their phone 150 times a day. Why do we do this? Are we making 150 conscious choices? One major reason why is the #1 psychological ingredient in slot machines: intermittent variable rewards . . . Addictiveness is maximized when the rate of reward is most variable.”

b) “By shaping the menus we pick from, technology hijacks the way we perceive our choices and replaces them with new ones. But the closer we pay attention to the options we’re given, the more we’ll notice when they don’t actually align with our true needs.”

For more info read this article- Corporate Surveillance- Child Privacy and Exploitation Threats:

Go to the website My Smart Privacy for more info at: and review the policy change proposal- Electronic Bill of Rights to understand the issues parents and consumers are facing